June 1st 2003
This review by Dr. Gore emphasizesthe significance of theproblem of brain metastases inpatients with locally advanced non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Thearticle should prompt medical and radiationoncologists to consider enrollingpatients in the ambitious study ofprophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI)led by the Radiation Therapy OncologyGroup (RTOG L-0214). Statisticsfrom the ongoing RTOG study arecomplicated, but essentially, the researchersare looking for a 20% increasein median survival for patientsreceiving PCI. This would make theimpact of PCI in NSCLC comparableto that observed in limited small-celllung cancer (SCLC).