Utility of CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma: Thomas G. Martin, MD

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The co-leader of Cancer Immunology & Immunotherapy Program, UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center discussed he utility of CAR T-cell therapy in late relapsed multiple myeloma.

This content originally appeared on our sister site, OncLive.

OncLive spoke with Thomas G. Martin, MD, clinical professor of medicine, Adult Leukemia and Bone Marrow Transplantation Program, associate director, Myeloma Program, University of California San Francisco (UCSF), co-leader, Cancer Immunology & Immunotherapy Program, UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, about the utility of CAR T-cell therapy in late relapsed multiple myeloma.

CAR T-cell therapy is the preferred treatment for patients with heavily pretreated disease, but patients must be young and mobile with a good performance status to be eligible for CAR T-cell therapy. In the late-relapse setting, several factors, such as performance status, need to be taken into consideration when selecting treatment for patients, and older or unfit patients may not be eligible and CAR T-cell therapy is not without significant toxicity.

Accessibility is another challenge with CAR T-cell therapy because the treatment needs to be manufactured and patients need to remain near 1 of the 70 centers that can administer CAR T-cell therapy for upward of 1 month, Martin says. In turn, patients are faced with potentially treatment-limiting financial expenses.

For patients with late-relapse disease who cannot undergo CAR T-cell therapy, treatment with melphalan flufenamide (Pepaxto; melflufen), belantamab mafodotin-blmf (Blenrep), or selinexor (Xpovio) may be considered, Martin concludes.

* Editor's note: This interview was conducted prior to the Oncopeptides' decision on October 22, 2021 to withdraw the indication of melphalan flufenamide in combination with dexamethasone in select adult patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma from the US market.

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