AOC Therapy Yields Strength Improvements in Myotonic Dystrophy

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Avidity is currently enrolling in the phase 3 HARBOR trial, which it expects to initiate in the second quarter of 2024.

This content originally appeared on our sister site, NeurologyLive®.

AOC 1001 (Avidity Biosciences) continues to show potential in treating myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), according to additional data from the long-term, open-label extension (OLE) of the phase 2 MARINA trial (NCT05479981). Following on the heels of the new data, Avidity is also currently enrolling in the phase 3 HARBOR study, a subsequent trial to MARINA, which is expected to initiate in the second quarter of 2024.1,2

Updated data from the OLE were presented at the 2024 Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) Clinical and Scientific Conference, held March 3-6, in Orlando, Florida.

HARBOR is expected to include the same key end points as MARINA, with change in video hand opening time as the primary end point, and secondary outcomes of muscle strength and activities of daily living. The trial will randomly assign 150 patients across over 40 global sites to either AOC 1001 4 mg/kg or placebo every 8 weeks for a 54-week treatment period, followed by an OLE. Of note, the primary analysis is expected to cover the first 30 weeks of the study.

Avidity announced that it was accelerating the initiation of the study to begin earlier and also shared the newly approved international nonproprietary name of AOC 1001, delpacibart etedesiran (abbreviated as del-desiran).

"The long-term data from the MARINA-OLE study demonstrating that del-desiran improved measures of disease progression in DM1 patients compared to natural history data is remarkable," study investigator John W. Day, MD, PhD, professor of neurology and pediatrics, and director, Division of Neuromuscular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, said in a statement.1 "The favorable long-term safety data and consistent, durable improvement in myotonia, muscle strength and patient-reported outcomes measures show the potential of del-desiran to make a meaningful difference in the lives of DM1 patients. I am very encouraged by the prospect of del-desiran as a potential treatment for DM1."

AOC 1001 is an antibody oligonucleotide conjugate comprised of a human TfR1-targeting, effector function-null, humanized IgG monoclonal antibody, as well as a non-cleavable linker. It also contains a double-stranded siRNA oligonucleotide complementary to both wild-type and mutant DMPK mRNA. Overall, the drug is delivered to muscle, resulting in DMPK reduction and increased estimated functional MBNL levels.

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As of January 2024, the MARINA-OLE included over 265 infusions of AOC 1001 totaling 61.1 patient-years of experience. All 37 participants entered the OLE where they received either 2 mg/kg doses of AOC 1001 escalating to 4 mg/kg or continued to be dosed at 4 mg/kg throughout. In the OLE, 35 patients (95%) experienced adverse events (AEs), most of which were mild or moderate. The most common related AEs reported in 2 or more participants included nausea and headache.

There were no discontinuations from the OLE and all patients remain in the ongoing study. Several serious AEs such as nausea/vomiting, worsening of atrial fibrillation, and chest pain, were unrelated to AOC 1001 and consistent with DM1. Of note, one participant had acute cholelithiasis and biliary pancreatitis.

In terms of efficacy, the 4 mg/kg group of AOC 1001 provided consistent and durable improvements in a number of measure of strength, including hand grip and Quantitative Muscle Testing total score. In addition, treated patients demonstrated improvements in myotonia and DM1-Activ, a patient reported outcome that measures activities of daily living. These data were consistent with previously reported findings from MARINA-OLE at the 28th Annual Congress of the World Muscle Society, held October 3-7, 2024.3

"Initiating our global pivotal study for del-desiran in the coming months is a significant step forward in bringing a much-needed treatment to people living with DM1 as quickly as possible. We are pleased that the agreed upon functional endpoints in the Phase 3 HARBOR study are the same endpoints in which del-desiran has demonstrated consistent and durable improvements in the MARINA studies," Sarah Boyce, president and chief executive officer at Avidity, said in a statement.1 "Thank you to the DM1 community, in particular - the participants, their families, the investigators and their teams - for their support, dedication and commitment to the MARINA program. The depth and breadth of del-desiran data that we have gathered from these studies offer hope for people living with DM1, a devastating rare disease for which there are no treatment options available."

REFERENCES
1. Avidity Biosciences announces positive AOC 1001 long-term data showing reversal of disease progression in people living with myotonic dystrophy type 1 across multiple end points; same key endpoints agreed for phase 3 HARBOR study. News release. Avidity Biosciences. March 4, 2024. Accessed March 12, 2024. https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/avidity-biosciences-announces-positive-aoc-1001-long-term-data-showing-reversal-of-disease-progression-in-people-living-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-across-multiple-endpoints-same-key-endpoints-agreed-for-phase-3-harbor-trial-302078020.html
2. Johnson N, Day J, Hamel J, et al. Initial results of the phase 2 open-label extension study of AOC 1001 in adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1: MARINA-OLE. Presented at: MDA Clinical and Scientific Conference; March 3-6, 2024; Orlando, FL. POSTER POSTER T307
3. Johnson N, Day J, Hamel J, et al. Topline safety and efficacy data analysis of phase 1/2 clinical trial evaluating AOC 1001 in adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1: MARINA. Presented at: World Muscle Society 2023; October 3-7; Charleston, SC.
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